Final_Report Subsidy in Nepal


                           

कृषिमा अनुदान २०७१

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                     

 

 

 

 

                        vfB clwsf/sf nflu /fli6«o ;~hfn, sf7df8f}+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e"ldsf M 

    k|fs[lts / ef}uf]lns ljljwtfdf wgL b]z g]kfnsf] /fli6«o hgu0fgf -@)!!_ n] s'n hg;+Vof @ s/f]8 ^$ nfv ($ xhf/ % ;o $ eg]sf] 5 . oxf“sf *# k|ltzt dflg; ufp“df a:5g\ . oLdWo] clwsf+z ;fgf / lgjf{xd'vL ls;fg 5g\ . b]ze/ hDdf kl/jf/ ;+Vof %$ nfv @& xhf/ # ;o @ 5 . /fli6«o s[lif u0fgf @)^* n] s[lif k];fdf ;+nUg 3/kl/jf/ dfq} #* nfv #! xhf/ eg]sf] 5 . s'n s[ifs kl/jf/dWo] e"uf]nsf] cfwf/df kxf8df %* k|ltzt, lxdfnL If]qdf ( k|ltzt / t/fO{df $# k|ltzt ls;fg a:5g\ . s'n s[ifs 3/kl/jf/dWo] *# k|ltztsf] k|d'v cfo;|f]t s[lif xf] .

 

b]ze/ s'n s[lifof]Uo hldg @& k|ltzt 5 . s[lif ljsf; dGqfnosf cg';f/ s'n /f]huf/Ldf s[lif If]qsf] of]ubfg ^% bzdnj & k|ltzt 5 . s'n ufx{:y pTkfbgdf s[lif If]qsf] of]ubfg #% bzdnj & k|ltzt 5 . 3/kl/jf/df cf};t hUufsf] :jfldTj
) bzdnj ^* x]S6/ 5 . s[lifdf ;/sf/L hgzlQm !@ xhf/ ( ;o @) 5 . ax';+Vos ls;fgx¿ e"ldxLg / ul/aLsf] /]vfd'lg afFlr/x]sf 5g\ .

pGgt hftsf aLplahgdf pgLx¿sf] kx'Fr sd 5 . /f;folgs dn ;j{;'ne 5}g . l;FrfO ;'ljwf kof{Kt 5}g . df6f] / xfjfkfgL ;'xfpFbf] aLp gkfpFbf w]/} ls;fg wfg, ds}, ux'F, hf}nufot d'Vo vfB afnLs} v]tLdf clN´Psf 5g\ . cGt/f{li6«o jfg:klts cg'j+z ;|f]t ;+:yfgsf cg';f/ ljZjdf sl/a & xhf/ hflt tyf k|hfltsf jg:kltx¿sf] v]tL ug{ ;lsG5 t/ xfn Jofj;flos ¿kdf ! ;o %) afnLsf hftx¿sf] dfq v]tL ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df d'Vo vfBfGgsf ¿kdf rfdndf dfq e/ kb}{ hfg] xf] eg] s[lif h}ljs ljljwtfdf ;d]t 7"nf] c;/ kg{ ;Sg] 5 . o;n] vfB ;+s6 Nofpg] / yk hl6n aGg ;Sg] cj:yf cfpg ;S5 . csf]{lt/ ljljw k|sf/sf vfBfGgaf6 z/L/nfO{ k|fKt x'g] ljljw k|sf/sf] kf]if0f rfdnsf] dfq pkef]uaf6 k|fKt x'g ;Sb}g .

 

g]kfnsf] cfGtl/d ;+ljwfg @)^# n] ax';+Vos g]kfnL hgtf s[lifdf cfl>t /x]sf] / pgLx¿sf] cj:yf ;fdfGo hLjgofkgsf] txeGbf klg bogLo /x]sf] tYonfO{ dgg\ u/]sf] 5 . vfB ;Dk|e'tfnfO{ ;a} g]kfnLsf] df}lns xssf ¿kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnsf] s[lif If]qdf c;dfg ljt/0f / ;fdGtL e"–:jfldTj tyf lgjf{xd'vL s[lif k|0ffnL /x]sf] cj:yfnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ of] If]qdf /x]sf] lje]b cGTo ug]{, j}1flgs e"ld;'wf/ sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug]{ tyf of] If]qsf] pTkfbsTj a9fO{ s[lifdf cfwfl/t cfly{s pGglt ug{ s[lifnfO{ pBf]usf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug]{ gLlt lnOPsf] 5 . rfn" cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷)&@ df g]kfn ;sf/n] s[lifnfO{ pmhf{kl5sf] bf];|f] k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] 5 .

 

 

 

ah]6df s[lif M

    s'n /fli6«o ah]6df s[lif If]qsf] lx:;f bzss} pRr -$=!$ k|ltzt_ /xg] u/L ut cf=j= @)&).&! df  @! ca{ $) s/f]8 ?k}ofF ah]6 ljlgof]hg ePsf] lyof] . h'g To;cl3sf] jif{sf] bfFhf]df &$ k|ltzt a9L lyof] . To; jif{ !@ ca{ @( s/f]8 ah]6 ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] lyof] . k|fyldstfsf] qmddf pmhf{ If]qkl5 ;/sf/n] s[lif If]qnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] lyof] . s[lifn] kfPsf] of] klxnf] cj;/ xf] . o;/L ah]6 a9\b} hfg'df ;/sf/n] cg'bfgsf sfo{qmd yk]sf] 5 . To;df klg o'jfnfO{ hf]8]/ cg'bfgsf sfo{qmd w]/} /flvPsf 5g\ .

 

o; jif{ s[lif ljsf; dGqfnosf] s'n ah]6 @# ca{ @* s/f]8 #! nfv &* xhf/ ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . o;df sDtLdf !@ b]lv a9Ldf !# ca{ ?k}ofF cg'bfgdf vr{ x'g] cfsng ul/Psf] 5 . ut jif{ s[lif ljsf; dGqfnon] ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] ;a} /sd vr{ ug{ ;s]g . s'n @! ca{ $) s/f]8 ?k}ofF ah]6dWo] !& ca{ ^# s/f]8 $! nfv @( xhf/ dfq} vr{ ePsf] lyof] . o;dWo] cg'bfg dfq} sDtLdf !) ca{ ?k}ofF vr{ eof] . o; jif{ sDtLdf klg !# ca{ ?k}ofF vr{ ug]{ s[lif ljsf; dGqfnosf] nIo 5 . sd{rf/Lsf] tnaeQf klg hf]8\bf o; s'n @# ca{ ah]6dWo] @) ca{ &$ s/f]8 $# nfv ?k}ofF cg'bfg;lxt vr{ x'g] 5 . o; jif{sf] s[lif ah]6df g]kfn ;/sf/sf] !^ ca{ ?k}ofF 5 eg] j}b]lzs cg'bfg % ca{ ## s/f]8 / j}b]lzs C0f ! ca{ () s/f]8 5 .

 

@)&!÷)&@ df s[lif ljefucGtu{tsf @@ ljleGg vr{ zLif{scGtu{t ljleGGf sfo{qmd tyf cfof]hgfx¿df ^ ca{ $^ s/f]8 !! Nfv *@ xhf/ ljlgof]hg ePsf] 5 . h'g cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{sf] bfFhf]df sl/a !@ k|ltztn] a9L xf] . To;}u/L kz' ;]jf ljefunfO{ o; jif{ & ca{ &! s/f]8 !% nfv ?k}ofF ah]6 ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . ut jif{sf] bfFhf]df of] /sd # ca{ %! s/f]8 %( nfv ?k}ofF a9L xf] .

 

cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷)&@ df ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] s[lif ah]6sf s]xL d'Vo sfo{qmd

!

/f;folgs dn cg'bfg

% ca{ $* s/f]8

@

s[lif C0f Aofh cg'bfg

! ca{

#

afuafgL ljsf; sfo{qmd

@^ s/f]8 @& nfv $# xhf/

$

aLp k|jw{g tyf u'0f lgoGq0f sfo{qmd

@ s/f]8 &* nfv *& xhf/

%

kz'kfng÷kz' :jf:Yo sfo{qmd

#) s/f]8 #* nfv () xhf/

^

df6f] k/LIf0f tyf ;'wf/ ;]jf sfo{qmd

% s/f]8 ^^ nfv $% xhf/

&

df5fkfng cfof]hgf

# nfv %) xhf/

*

df5f ljsf; sfo{qmd

@! s/f]8 !( nfv &! xhf/

(

afnL tyf kz' ladf sfo{qmd

^ s/f]8 cg'bfg

!)

s[lif cg';Gwfg

! ca{ &* s/f]8 (@ nfv #% xhf/

!!

vfB ;+s6 ;Daf]wg

* s/f]8 $# nfv

!@

vfB ;'/Iff k|j4{g cfof]hgf

# s/f]8 *& nfv &( xhf/

!#

s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff cfof]hgf

! ca{ @) s/f]8 !# nfv *) xhf/

!$

l;FrfO -l;FrfO dGqfnoaf6_

!^ ca{ !* s/f]8 

!%

s[lif÷kz'÷df5f pTkfbg Joj;foLs/0fdf

!% k|ltzt dfq} eG;f/ dx;'n nfUb5

!^

ljb]zaf6 kmls{Psf o'jf nlIft sfo{qmd

%) s/f]8 ^^ nfv

!&

s[lif ofGqLs/0fdf cg'bfg

( s/f]8 %) nfv

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         rfn" cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷)&@ df ljt/0f ul/g] cg'bfgsf] ljj/0f, lhNnfdf, s]df slt 5

qmd ;+Vof+

sfo{qmd cfof]hgf

cg'bfg ljj/0f

cg'bfg /sd ?k}ofFdf

;/sf/sf] ck]Iff

s'g s'g lhNnf

!

s[lif ljsf; dGqfno

Jofj;flos s[lifsf nflu ladf lk|ldoddf &% k|ltzt cg'bfg

^ s/f]8

Jofj;flos  s[lifdf cfsif{0f a9fpg

&% lhNnf

@

 

lrof pBf]u ;+rfng

lrof k|zf]wg pBf]u :yfkgfsf nflu $  s/f]8 cg'bfg

lrof k|zf]wg pBf]usf nflu

´fkf /  t]x«y'd ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] /sddf k“rf; k|ltzt ;Dd cg'bfg

#

 

ufO{dfO{ sfo{qmd

! s/f]8 %) nfv

8L8L;Ln] b"w ;+sng ug]{  t/fO{sf lhNnfdf   ls;fgnfO{ ufO{kfngdf hf]8\g

8L8L;Ln] b'w ;+sng ug]{ t/fO{sf @! lhNnfdf

$

s[lif cg';Gwfg tyf ljsf; sf]if

zf]wsfo{sf nflu  :gftsf]Q/ / ljBfjfl/lw 5fqj[lQ sfo{qmd

#) nfv

s[lifd}qL k|ljlw ljsf;sf nflu @% hgf ljBfyL{nfO{ lbg

b]ze/sf ljBfyL{sf nflu :gftsf]Q/sf nflu &% xhf/ / ljBfjfl/lwsf nflu ! nfv;Dd

%

 

s[lif;“u ;DjlGwt ;+3÷ ;+:yfnfO{ k|ljlw / ljsf;df cg'bfg

# s/f]8 & nfv

s[lif;DaGwL cg';Gwfg / ljsf;sf nflu

s[lifdf cfa4 u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿nfO{ !)÷@)÷#) nfv ;Dd cg'bfg

^

bL3{sfnLg s[lif of]hgf cg'udg tyf ;dGjo

 

;fj{hlgs lghL ;f´]bf/Ldf Ps ufpF Ps pTkfbg tyf Ps lhNnf Ps pTkfbg sfo{qmd

 

 

!) s/f]8

Oh/fonaf6 kms]{sf o'jf   nlIft sfo{qmd

;fgf ls;fg a}+saf6 C0f lnO{ sf/f]af/ ug]{ b]ze/sf s[lif ;xsf/Ldf cfj4 x'g]nfO{

&

 

 

 

 

/fi6«klt s[ifs pTs[i6 k'/:sf/

* nfv %) xhf/

s[lif k];fdf o'jfx¿nfO{ cfslif{t ug{

b]ze/sf ls;fgsf nflu

*

 

 

 

 

k'ik Joj;fo k|j4{g

! s/f]8

km"n Joj;fo lj:tf/ u/L lgof{t a9fpg / cfoft 36fpg] p2]Zo

km"n Joj;fodf cfa4 x'g] hf];'s}sf nflu

(

 

 

 

;fj{hlgs lghL ;f´]bf/Ldf ljleGg  ;+:yfnfO{ lrof sf/vfgfsf nflu ;xof]u

@ s/f]8 $% nfv

@ j6f lrof sf/vfgf :yfkgf ug]{ nIo

´fkf / Onfd

!)

 

 

ljz]if s[lif pTkfbg sfo{qmd

nfut ;xeflutsf cfwf/df cg'bfgdf /f;folgs dn laqmL ljt/0f

% ca{ !* s/f]8 *& nfv

@ nfv %% xhf/ d]=6g /f;folgs dn ls;fgnfO{ ljt/0f u/L pTkfbg a9fpg]

b]ze/sf ls;fgsf nflu

!!

 

 

 

k|fª\ufl/s dndf cg'bfg

% s/f]8

!) xhf/ d]=6g k|fª\ufl/s dn ls;fgnfO{ laqmL ug]{

b]ze/

!@

 

 

 

k|fª\ufl/s dn sf/vfgf :yfkgfy{ d]l;g/L cf}hf/df cg'bfg

! s/f]8 &% nfv

dWo÷;'b"/klZrd If]qdf k|fª\ufl/s dn sf/vfgf :yfkgf ug]{

 

dWo÷;'b"/klZrd If]q

!#

 

 

 

 

pGgt aLp lahg laqmL

!# s/f]8 #) nfv

ux'F / wfgdf & xhf/ 6g pGgt aLp ls;fgnfO{ cg'bfgdf lbg]

b]ze/

!$

 

 

 

elg{sDkf]:6 dn pTkfbg

! s/f]8 (@ nfv

!% lhNnfdf & ;o %) ;d"xdfkm{t pTkfbg ug]{

 

!% lhNnf

!%

 

 

 

esf/f] ;'wf/

^ s/f]8 $$ nfv

%( lhNnfdf k|fª\ufl/s dn pTkfbg u/fpg !@ xhf/ a9L esf/f] ;'wfg]{

%( lhNnf

!^

Jofj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgf -KofS6_

k|fljlw ;xof]u tyf k"jf{wf/ / s[lif pBd;DaGwL

! ca{

Jofj;flos s[lifsf nflu k"/s cg'bfg

b]ze/

!&

 

 

 

n3' cg'bfg ljt/0f

& s/f]8 &% nfv

Jofj;flos s[lifdf ;fgf ls;fg cfsif{0f ug]{

b]ze/

!*

s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff cfof]hgf

 

 

s'v'/fsf] rNnf pTkfbg ug]{ x\oflrª d]l;g vl/b

$^ nfv

x\ofr/L pBf]u :yfkgfsf nflu

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

!(

 

 

 

 

;fgf l;FrfO lgdf{0f tyf dd{t ;Def/

@# s/f]8 (# nfv

@ ;o x]S6/df l;FrfO k'¥ofpg ;fgf s'nf lgdf{0f dd{t

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@)

 

 

lxdfnL lhNnfdf gd'gf au}+rf :yfkgf ug]{

@! nfv ^) xhf/

 

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@!

 

 

 

ufpFdf gd'gf au}+rf

^@ nfv

 

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@@

 

 

3/af/L au}+rf

! s/f]8 ^# nfv

 

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@#

 

 

afv|f pTkfbg ;'wf/ sfo{qmd

^ s/f]8 $! nfv

;d"xdf afv|f ljt/0f ug]{

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@$

 

 

u|fdL0f s'v'/f Kofs]h sfo{qmd

@ s/f]8 *^ nfv

 

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@%

 

b'Uw pTkfbg Kofs]h sfo{qmd

# s/f]8

 

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@^

 

lxdfnL lhNnfdf x\ofr/L :yfkgf ug]{

! s/f]8 #@ nfv

 

 

 

dWo / ;'b'/sf !( lhNnf

@&

 

 

;fgf ls;fg cg'bfg sfo{qmd

 

% s/f]8 $) nfv

;fgf ls;fgnfO{ cg'bfg

dWo / ;'b"/sf !( lhNnf

@*

ls;fgsf nflu pGgt aLp lahg sfo{qmd

vfBfGg tyf t/sf/Lsf] aLp pTkfbg ug]{

!# s/f]8 (& nfv

cg'bfgaf6 aLp pTkfbg ug]{

 

u'NdL, c3f{vfFrL, Ko"7fg, /f]Nkf, ;Nofg, ?s'd

@(

d´f}nf tyf ;fgf ls;fg cfo:t/ j[l4 sfo{qmd

pTkfbg, k|ljlw / kf]:6xfe]{:6df cg'bfg

#( s/f]8 ^% nfv

sDtLdf !% nfvb]lv # s/f]8;Ddsf] cg'bfg lbg] Pl;ofnL ljsf; a}+ssf] ;xof]udf ;~rflnt sfo{qmd

b}n]v, ;'v]{t, 8f]6L, a}t8L, 88]Nw'/f, bfr'{nf  / s}nfnL

#)

s[lif ljsf; of]hgf hgsk'/

dWo t/fO{df l8k 6o'aj]n lgdf{0f tyf ;fgf l;FrfO cfof]hgf

% s/f]8 !% nfv

dWo t/fO{sf lhNnfdf cg'bfgdf l;FrfO sfo{qmd

wg'iff, dxf]Q/L, ;nf{xL, l;/fxf, ;Kt/L, ;'g;/L, af/f, k;f{, /f}tx6, lrtjg, slknj:t', ?kGb]xL, sf7df8f}+

#!

/];d v]tL ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

 

lsDa' la?jf ljt/0f

! s/f]8 $# nfv

lsDa' au}+rf lj:tf/ sfo{qmd

sf7df8f}+, eQmk'/, sfe|], tgx'F, sf:sL, :ofª\hf, c3f{vfFrL, ;'v]{t, wgs'6f, df]/ª, ;'g;/L, wflbª, Onfd, ´fkf

#@

afuafgL ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

 

:ofp cfTdlge{/ / ;'Gtnf au+}rf ;'wfg]{

& s/f]8 $ nfv

% ;o x]S6/df :ofp lj:tf/ ug]{ ! ;o ^) x]S6/ k'/fgf] ;'wfg]{

s0ff{nL / klZrdf~rnsf ;a} lhNnf tyf wflbª / ?kGb]xL

##

cfn' t/sf/L tyf d;nf ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

 

o'jf nlIft sfo{qmd

sDtLdf @) b]lv ^) hgf ;a} lhNnf

@) s/f]8 *) nfv

$) b]vL ^) xhf/ ?k}ofF k|lto'jfnfO{ cg'bfg

t/fO{ / dWokxf8

#$

df5f ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

o'jf nlIft sfo{qmd

* s/f]8 (( nfv

k|lt o'jf %) xhf/,  %) j6f lhNnfdf

t/fO{sf @) / dWo kxf8sf #) lhNnf

#%

afnL ;+/If0f sfo{qmd

cfO{kLPd sfo{qmd

& s/f]8 %% nfv

afnLsf] :jf:Yo ;'wfg]{

% ljsf; If]qsf @% lhNnf

#^

Jofj;flos sL6 ljsf; cfof]hgf

 

#% lhNnfdf df}/L / &% lhNnfdf Rofp v]tLdf cg'bfg

#) s/f]8

$! lhNnfsf # xhf/ o'jfnfO{ cg'bfgdf /sd ljt/0f ug]{ sDtLdf $) xhf/b]lv ! nfv *) xhf/;Dd

df}/Lkfng t/fO{, dWokxf8sf #% lhNnf  tyf Rofp &% j6} lhNnfdf

#&

afnL ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

 

a[xQ/ ds} pTkfbg sfo{qmd

!@ s/f]8 ## nfv

ds}sf] cfot k|lt:yfkg u/fpg] bfgf pBf]unfO{ ;3fpg]

ds} dWokxf8 / leqL dw];sf $@ / e6df; ;'b"/ / dWosf !@ lhNnf

#*

s[lif k|;f/ tyf tflnd sfo{qmd

 

 

 

ufpFdf s[lif sfo{stf{ pTkfbg ug]{

% s/f]8 ^# nfv

s[lif sfo{stf{nfO{ ljleGg ljifodf tflnd lbg]

b]ze/

#(

;d'bfo s[lif If]q sfo{qmd

 

s[ifs tflnd

# s/f]8 #) nfv

s[lif k|;f/ ;]jfdf ls;fgnfO{ hf]8\g]

dWodf~rn / k"jf{~rnsf #% lhNnf

$)

df6f] k/LIf0f tyf ;'wf/ sfo{qmd

 

 

 

/f;folgs dn tyf df6f] k/LIf0f ;]jf sfo{qmd

&! nfv

;]jfd'vL sfo{qmd

&% j6} lhNnf

$!

s[lif Joj;fo k|j4{g tyf ahf/ ljsf; sfo{qmd

 

 

ahf/ k"jf{wf/ agfpg]

( s/f]8 (# nfv !) xhf/

k|:tfjsf cfwf/df zt k|ltzt cg'bfg lbg] ahf/ agfpg

b]ze/ xf6 ahf/ lgdf{0f sDtLdf # nfvb]lv & nfv ?k}ofF;Dd

$@

;xsf/L v]tL ;fgf l;FrfO tyf dn, aLp 9'jfgL sfo{qmd

Knfl:6s kf]v/L lgdf{0fdf cg'bfg /f;folgs dn 9'jfgLdf b'u{d lhNnfnfO{ cg'bfg

 

$* s/f]8 ^@ nfv

vfB tyf kf]if0f ;'/Iffdf cfwfl/t sfo{qmd

s0ff{nL;lxt dWokxf8sf @^ lhNnf

$#

 

 

 

s[lif cf}hf/df cg'bfg

( s/f]8 %) nfv

ofGqLs/0fdf cg'bfg sDtLdf @% k|ltztb]lv &% k|ltzt;Dd, ;fgf l6n/, ldgL l6n/nufot pks/0fdf

b]ze/

$$

PsLs[t hn;|f]t Joj:yfkg cfof]hgf

 

kmfd{ d]l;g/L ljt/0f, kf]v/L lgdf{0f, Knfl:6s 6g]n

( s/f]8 @# nfv

 

k"jf{~rn / ;'b"/klZrd;lxt

sf $$ lhNnf

$%

/fgLhd/f s'nl/of l;FrfO cfof]hgf

 

 

 

df6f]sf] gd'gf hfFRg], aLp e08f/0f

& s/f]8 %^ nfv

au}+rf, s'nf], lzlj/ k/LIf0f cflb ug]{

s}nfnL

$^

s0ff{nL c~rn ljz]if sfo{qmd

 

 

:ofp, cfn', l;dL, t/sf/L, e]8fafv|f  k|j4{g sfo{qmd

% s/f]8

lxdfnL lhNnfx¿df e]8fkfng / :ofp v]tL a9fpg]

s0ff{nLsf % lhNnf;lxt ;f]n', dgfª, d':tfªdf

$&

s[lif k|;f/ sfo{qmd

 

 

ls;fgnfO{ ljsf; ePsf k|ljlw x:tfGt/0f ug]{

^( s/f]8 @& nfv

k|ljlw x:tfGt/0f

b]ze/

$*

/fli6«o b'Uw ljsf; af]8{

 

 

 

Jofj;flos kmfd{sf nflu

#& nfv

Jofj;flos kmfd{ :yfkgf ug]{

b]ze/

$(

kz'kIfL ahf/ k|j4{g sfo{qmd

 

jwzfnf :yfkgf, xf6ahf/, ;fgf 8]/L ;'wfg]{ o'jf nlIft sfo{qmd

!^ s/f]8 (( nfv

kz'hGo Joj;fosf] lj:tf/

b]ze/

%)

lxdfnL kl/of]hgf

 

 

k|:tfjsf cfwf/df pkcfof]hgf 5fg]/ k"/s cg'bfg lbg]

%) s/f]8

& ;o %) o'jfnfO{ /f]huf/L lbg]

x'Dnf, d'u', h'Dnf, 8f]Nkf, d':tfª, dgfª, /;'jf, bf]nvf, ;f]n', ;+v'jf;ef

%!

kz' ;]jf tflnd k|;f/ sfo{qmd

 

 

o'jfx¿nfO{ kz' ;]jf k|ljlw ljifodf tflnd lbg]

(@ nfv

 

b]ze/

%@

kz' ;]jf k|;f/ sfo{qmd

kz' gZn, kz' :jf:Yo, kz' cfxf/ k|j4{g / k|fljlws ;]jf lbg]

@ ca{ ah]6

lhNnfdf th'{df x'g] sfo{qmd;lxt sd{rf/Lsf] tna eQf;lxtsf] /sd

 

b]ze/

%#

kz' ljsf; ;]jf sfo{qmd

 

o'jf nlIft sfo{qmd ufO{, e};L, a+u'/kfng

!$ s/f]8 (@ nfv

o'jfx¿nfO{ sDtLdf ! b]lv # nfv;Dd cg'bfg lbOG5

t/fO{ / dWokxf8sf $) lhNnf

%$

 

 

;xsf/L v]tL, a+u'/kfng, v]tL, ;fdu|L vl/b 9'jfgLdf cg'bfg

^ s/f]8 (% nfv

;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿nfO{ cg'bfg

b]ze/sf a+u'/kfng;“u hf]l8Psf sDtLdf #& lhNnf

%%

 

 

3fF;] ljsf; sfo{qmd

* s/f]8

3f“;sf] aLpsf] ljsf; ug]{

s[lqd uef{wfg nfu" ePsf #%  lhNnf

%^

 

 

gd'gfsf ¿kdf kf8f x'sf{pg]

&* nfv

df;'sf] pTkfbg a9fpg]

 

k"jf{~rn / dWodf~rndf

%&

 

 

 

ufO{ e};Lsf] ;|f]t s]Gb| :yfkgf

*% nfv

% lhNnfdf ufO{sf] ;|f]t :yfkgf ug]{

;'g;/L, lrtjg, gjnk/f;L, bfª, s~rgk'/

%*

 

 

pTs[i6 kz'kfns ls;fg 5gf]6 ug]{

@ nfv !) xhf/

#) hgf kz'kfnsnfO{ k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/g]

b]ze/

%(

 

 

afv|fsf] ;|f]t s]Gb| :yfkgf

@) nfv

% lhNnfdf sfo{qmd ug]{

dsjfgk'/, tgxF' l;Gw'nL, s}nfnL nufot

^)

 

 

sfk]{6 pmg pTkfbg

% nfv

tLg lhNnfdf e]8fkfng u/fpg]

lxdfnL lhNnf d':tfª, 8f]Nkf / h'Dnf

^!

 

gZn ;'wf/

 

!% nfv

pGgt /fFuf]sf] gZn ;'wfg]{

b]ze/ cfjZostf cg';f/

^@

 

;xsf/L kmfd{nfO{ ;'wfg]{

 

!$ nfv

 

b]ze/

^#

 

b"w b'x'g] d]l;g

(# nfv

%) k|ltzt cg'bfg lbg] b"w b'x'g] d]l;gdf

b]ze/ cfjZostf cg';f/

^$

 

t/n gfO6«f]hg KnfG6 :yfkgf ug]{

$) nfv

/fli6«o k|hgg s]Gb| kf]v/fdf :yfkgf ug]{

sf:sL

^%

 

ufFhf v]tL lg?T;flxt sfo{qmd

 

!) nfv

dsjfgk'/df ufFhf v]tL ug]{ ls;fgnfO{ kz'kfngdf Nofpg]

dsjfgk'/df ut jif{b]lv yflnPsf] sfo{qmd

^^

 

k|fs[lts k|sf]kdf /fxt lbg] sfo{qmd

 

# nfv

k|fs[lts k|sf]kdf /fxt ljt/0f ug]{ . t/ o; jif{sf] avf{df b]ze/ # ca{eGbf a9Lsf] Iflt eof] t/ dGqfnon] yk $* s/f]8 ah]6 dfu]sf] 5 .

cfjZostf cg';f/ ah]6 a9fpg] k|fjwfg 5 .

 

 

 

 

lgisif{ M

b'O{ jif{cl3 lhNnfdf /x]sf s[lif tyf kz' ljsf; sfof{nosf] ah]6 @) nfv xf/fxf/L x'GYof] . t/ clxn] sDtLdf ! s/f]8b]lv a9Ldf # s/f]8;Dd k'u]sf] 5 . # s/f]8 ah]6 hfg] sfof{nodf sDtLdf ! s/f]8 ls;fgsf nflu vr{ x'G5 . eg] &) nfv xf/fxf/L tna eQf, sfof{no ;+rfng, pkef]udf vr{ x'G5 . ;a}eGbf yf]/} ah]6 hfg] dgfªdf %) nfv ?k}ofF;Dd cg'bfg ls;fgn] kfpF5g\ .

 

cg'kftdf x]bf{ lhNnfdf k7fOg] ah]6dWo] #) b]lv $) k|ltzt /sd Joj:yfkgdf vr{ x'G5 eg] afFsL ^) b]lv &) k|ltzt /sd pBdL, ls;fg / Joj;foLsf nflu vr{ x'g] ub{5 .

 

o;/L hfg] /sddWo] clwsf+z ls;fgnfO{ lgM;t{ x'G5 . ls;fgn] ;]jf lng lwtf] /fVg' kb}{g . z'Ns nfUb}g . clwsf+z cg'bfg nfut ;xeflutfdf cfwfl/t x'G5g\ . o; jif{sf] s'n ah]6dWo] !# ca{ cg'bfgdf vr{ x'g] 5 eg] # ca{ tna eQf, # ca{ xf/fxf/L sfof{no ;+rfng / # ca{ k"jf{wf/, d]l;g/L, ;jf/L cflbdf u/L sl/a ( ca{ k'U5 eg] afFsL !# ca{ ls;fg;“u k|ToIf hf]l8Psf] /sd xf] .